Pier Luigi Ingrassia
Pier Luigi Ingrassia MD, PhD
Edutainment, Gamification and effective training: the SIMCUP experience
It has been demonstrated that simulation can meet the general educational goals of transfer of knowledge, strengthening of cognitive strategies, and skill development while adding a dimension of team training.
An important change in medical and nursing education is the arrival of millennial students. To ensure success, medical educators need to know and accept the unique characteristics of these new learners.
The use of gamification is becoming more and more popular to motivate teaching and learning, also in the medical field. Gamification is the process by which users are encouraged and enticed to perform tasks by incorporating elements of game design and competition. Inherent reward and enjoyment can foster motivation. The effectiveness of competition in medical education has been well supported in the literature.
Taking inspiration from the SimWars, the competition format was modified and a new simulation competition was designed with the aim of engaging participants to partake in deliberate practice and to experiment using different types of simulations and simulators. The education value of this new format will be demonstrated. Our 4-year experience with SIMCUP and its grounding pedagogical and educational rationales will be reported.
Bond WF, Deitrick LM, Arnold DC, Kostenbader M, Barr GC, Kimmel SR, et al. Using simulation to instruct emergency medicine residents in cognitive forcing strategies. Acad Med. 2004;79(5):438–46.
Steadman RH, Coates WC, Huang YM, Matevosian R, Larmon BR, McCullough L, et al. Simulation-based training is superior to problem-based learning for the acquisition of critical assessment and management skills. Crit Care Med. 2006;34(1):151–7.
Marshall SD, Flanagan B. Simulation-based education for building clinical teams. J Emerg Trauma Shock. 2010;3(4):360–8
Nevin CR, Westfall AO, Rodriguez JM, Dempsey DM, Cherrington A, Roy B, et al. Gamification as a tool for enhancing graduate medical education. Postgrad Med J. 2014;90(1070):685–93.
Weng Y-H, Kuo KN, Yang C-Y, Liao H-H, Chen C, Lo H-L, et al. Effectiveness of national evidence-based medicine competition in Taiwan. BMC Med Educ. 2013;13(1):66.
Okuda Y, Godwin SA, Jacobson L, Wang E, Weingart S. SimWars. J Emerg Med. 2014;47(5):586–93.
Ingrassia, P.L., Franc, J.M. & Carenzo, L. A novel simulation competition format as an effective instructional tool in post-graduate medical education. Adv Simul (2018) 3: 17.
06/2014 – to date Director and Researcher
Centro di Simulazione in Medicina e Professioni Sanitarie Interdipartimentale di Didattica
Innovativa - SIMNOVA.
Università del Piemonte Orientale. Via Solaroli 17, Novara, Italy.
Coordinator of simulation-based education and research
01/2009 – to present
Visiting Professor in disaster medicine
Vrije Universiteit Brussel Campus Jette, Laarbeeklaan 103 – 1090 Brussel, Belgium
Lecturer in teaching methodologies and innovative tools at the European Master in Disaster Medicine
11/2006 – 10/2009
Ph.D. degree (Disaster Medicine and Education)
Dip. di Medicina Clinica e Sperimentale. Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy
11/2002 – 10/2006
Specialization digree (Anesthesia dn Intensive Care)
Scuola di Specializzazione in Anestesia e Rianimazione, Facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia, Università del Piemonte Orientale. Novara, Italy.
02/2002 – 01/2003
Master Degree (Disaster Medicine)
Centre Europeen pour la Medecine des Catastrophes (CEMEC), Rep. of San Marino
10/1994 – 07/2001
Diploma di Laurea (Medical Doctor)
Facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia, Università di Palermo. Italy