Modern technologies for orthognatic surgery
Introduction. Treatment of the congenital and acquired facial deformities are a current problem. Accurate planning of orthognatic surgery cases has been a challenge for decades. Emerging new technology makes diagnostics, data recording and virtual surgery possible with the creation of surgical templates and splints. New technology opens new possibilities for more accurate surgery planning, ease surgery to achieve a better surgical outcome and gives us the possibility to shorten the operation time.
Materials and methods. From August 2014, 112 bimaxillary surgeries were planned using 3D Dolphin imaging software 11.8 and 11.9 version with preparation of operative splint. Cone beam Icat scan, 3DMD photo, intraoral and 3D shape model scanner are used for treatment planning. 3D printer is used for printing intraoperative splints.
Results.Treatment planning using modern 3D technology opens great visualisation of planned surgery. Accuracy of fabricated 3D splints are much higher than conventional self or light curing acrylic splints. 3D planning provide the surgeon with a clear picture of planned surgery what makes surgery more predictable and allow to avoid potential complications.
M.D., DDS, Dr. Med. Ģirts Šalms is associate professor in Department of Oral and maxillofacial surgery, Rīga Stradiņš University. Maxillofacial surgeon in RSU Institute of Stomatology and Paul Stradiņš clinical university hospital. He defended his thesis in application of biomaterials in maxillofacial surgery in 2013. His main competences are orthognatic surgery, facial traumatology, implantology, reconstructive surgery and using of 3D technologies for surgery planning and designing patient specific implants.
Assoc. prof. Ģirts Šalms is a chairman of the board of the Latvian association of oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Member of the European association of oral and maxillofacial surgeons and Royal college of surgeons of Edinburgh.